Cylinder Catalogue Berendsen Fluid Power Shop JIS Standard Compact Hydraulic Cylinder Series CH KDB Гё20, Гё25, Гё32, Гё40, Гё50, Гё63, Гё80, Гё100 10MPa Note) вЂў Solid state switches marked "" are produced upon receipt of order. вЂў Auto switches are not mounted on the cylinder at the time of the shipment, but rather packaged togeter with вЂ¦

## Hydraulic Cylinder Calculator

Application Engineering Guide. For the design of hydraulic cylinders, speed and power must be calculated in dependence of the existing pressure in the cylinder space and the volume flow available. For this, the admissible values for the operating pressure in dependence of the pressure series and the admissible oil speed in the hydraulic ports must be taken into account., 27-6-2015В В· Get YouTube without the ads. Working... Skip trial 1 month free. Find out why Close. Hydraulic Cylinder Calculations Aaron Schellenberg. Hydraulic Cylinder Calculations Aaron Schellenberg. Loading... Unsubscribe from Aaron вЂ¦.

Design of Mechanical Hydraulic Jack International organization of Scientific Research 16 P a g e weight to offer a lifting capability ranging from one hundred to several tons. Bottle jacks feature a vertical shaft, which supports a platform (called a bearing pad) that directly bears the weight of the object as it is lifted. Force calculation of hydraulic cylinders with pressure-friction compensation Institute of Structural Engineering, ETH Z urich Author: Dominik Werne July 2013. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Usage 2 The friction behaviour of a hydraulic cylinder does depend on di erent factors [1].

Volume-2. Design and Manufacturing of Hydraulic Cylinders - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. A Book with title "Design and manufacturing of Hydraulic Presses" is written to guide students to design and manufacture Hydraulic Press themself. This book "Volume-2. Design and Manufacturing of Hydraulic Volume-2. Design and Manufacturing of Hydraulic Cylinders - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. A Book with title "Design and manufacturing of Hydraulic Presses" is written to guide students to design and manufacture Hydraulic Press themself. This book "Volume-2. Design and Manufacturing of Hydraulic

Cylinder Basics Cylinder Loading & Sizing Mounting Modifications / Accessories Custom Product Examples Cylinder Force & Speed (Air and Hydraulic) Rod Boot Data Power Units: Gear and Vane Info Fluids and Seals Non-Rotating Cylinder Design Valves: D03 and D05 Info Fluid Power Formulas Glossary of Fluid Power Terms Tie Rod Mount Flange Mount Piston / Bore Diameter Rod Diameter

JIS Standard Compact Hydraulic Cylinder Series CH KDB Гё20, Гё25, Гё32, Гё40, Гё50, Гё63, Гё80, Гё100 10MPa Note) вЂў Solid state switches marked "" are produced upon receipt of order. вЂў Auto switches are not mounted on the cylinder at the time of the shipment, but rather packaged togeter with вЂ¦ DNVGL-CG-0194 Edition December 2015 Hydraulic cylinders. FOREWORD вЂ” information on whether it is a single or double acting cylinder. The corresponding design pressures for calculations are dependent on the fixation of the cylinder to the structure according to Euler theory as

JIS Standard Compact Hydraulic Cylinder Series CH KDB Гё20, Гё25, Гё32, Гё40, Гё50, Гё63, Гё80, Гё100 10MPa Note) вЂў Solid state switches marked "" are produced upon receipt of order. вЂў Auto switches are not mounted on the cylinder at the time of the shipment, but rather packaged togeter with вЂ¦ Chapter 7: The pneumatic cylinder вЂ“ part 1 Design of a cylinder Most of the cylinders with a piston rod contain the following parts: a tube that is closed on both ends with a cap and head. Inside the tube seen below a piston rod moves with a drive piston.

PDF This paper describes and introduces the design of hydraulic cylinder, which has ensured the safety and reliability of workpiece hydraulic clamping system of a special CNC Machine Tool for Guide Disc. Force calculation of hydraulic cylinders with pressure-friction compensation Institute of Structural Engineering, ETH Z urich Author: Dominik Werne July 2013. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Usage 2 The friction behaviour of a hydraulic cylinder does depend on di erent factors [1].

m вЂ”Mechanical efficiency of oil cylinder, which is defined by the products themselves. However, as to the primary calculation, m в‰€в€’0.85 0.99 and on average, it is 0.95. Now we substitute intoвЂњ(2)вЂќ and obtain the flow. 3. Design & calculation for hydraulic cylinder 3.1 Design Calculation to вЂ¦ For the design of hydraulic cylinders, speed and power must be calculated in dependence of the existing pressure in the cylinder space and the volume flow available. For this, the admissible values for the operating pressure in dependence of the pressure series and the admissible oil speed in the hydraulic ports must be taken into account.

27-6-2015В В· Get YouTube without the ads. Working... Skip trial 1 month free. Find out why Close. Hydraulic Cylinder Calculations Aaron Schellenberg. Hydraulic Cylinder Calculations Aaron Schellenberg. Loading... Unsubscribe from Aaron вЂ¦ Introduction to the Design of Mobile Hydraulic Systems - Part 1 Course No: M02-044 Credit: 2 PDH K. Michael Clark, P.E. Continuing Education and Development, Inc.

JIS Standard Compact Hydraulic Cylinder Series CH KDB Гё20, Гё25, Гё32, Гё40, Гё50, Гё63, Гё80, Гё100 10MPa Note) вЂў Solid state switches marked "" are produced upon receipt of order. вЂў Auto switches are not mounted on the cylinder at the time of the shipment, but rather packaged togeter with вЂ¦ JIS Standard Compact Hydraulic Cylinder Series CH KDB Гё20, Гё25, Гё32, Гё40, Гё50, Гё63, Гё80, Гё100 10MPa Note) вЂў Solid state switches marked "" are produced upon receipt of order. вЂў Auto switches are not mounted on the cylinder at the time of the shipment, but rather packaged togeter with вЂ¦

The Hydraulic Cylinder Design Calculator is an intuitive tool for people working with Hydraulic Cylinders. Based on the inputs the user can calculate parameters for both single-acting or double-acting cylinders.Features at a Glance:- By simply entering the requisite dimensions of the cylinder and parameters like the pressure and oil flow the Force calculation of hydraulic cylinders with pressure-friction compensation Institute of Structural Engineering, ETH Z urich Author: Dominik Werne July 2013. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Usage 2 The friction behaviour of a hydraulic cylinder does depend on di erent factors [1].

### Hydraulic Cylinders Parker NA

Mobile Cylinders Superior Hydraulic Components and Service. The Hydraulic Cylinder Design Calculator is an intuitive tool for people working with Hydraulic Cylinders. Based on the inputs the user can calculate parameters for both single-acting or double-acting cylinders.Features at a Glance:- By simply entering the requisite dimensions of the cylinder and parameters like the pressure and oil flow the, m вЂ”Mechanical efficiency of oil cylinder, which is defined by the products themselves. However, as to the primary calculation, m в‰€в€’0.85 0.99 and on average, it is 0.95. Now we substitute intoвЂњ(2)вЂќ and obtain the flow. 3. Design & calculation for hydraulic cylinder 3.1 Design Calculation to вЂ¦.

Hydraulic Cylinder Design Calculator for iOS Free. Hydraulic cylinder design and sizing calculation tutorial suitable for thick cylinder design has used lame's theory to find out radial and circumferential stresses and other design parameters, The Hydraulic Cylinder Design Calculator is an intuitive tool for people working with Hydraulic Cylinders. Based on the inputs the user can calculate parameters for both single-acting or double-acting cylinders.Features at a Glance:- By simply entering the requisite dimensions of the cylinder and parameters like the pressure and oil flow the.

### Design of Hydraulic Cylinder Piston Cylinder (Engine)

Volume-2. Design and Manufacturing of Hydraulic Cylinders. Hydraulic cylinder design guide. Cylinder specifying WPA Beta test version. Learn how to specify a hydraulic cylinder size 6/92 CD70 / CF70 Hydraulic cylinders, tie rod design Bosch Rexroth AG, RE 17016, edition: 2014-03 Position of the line connections By rotating the cylinder head and/or cylinder base, the position of the line connections can be varied during the assembly for most cylinder mounting types. The possibili-ties can be seen in the following table..

Cylinder Catalogue. www.berendsen.com.au Table of Contents Page No. All of our manufactured cylinders are designed with the aid of computer generated calculations and drawings and are manufactured in our dedicated facility in Newcastle. hydraulic cylinder for the diverse mobile and industrial applications. Volume-2. Design and Manufacturing of Hydraulic Cylinders - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. A Book with title "Design and manufacturing of Hydraulic Presses" is written to guide students to design and manufacture Hydraulic Press themself. This book "Volume-2. Design and Manufacturing of Hydraulic

The size of the cylinder determines the amount of load that can be handled by it. Block Diagram for Working of Hydraulic Cylinder . Major parts of a hydraulic cylinder. Piston; Cylinder; In this tutorial we will discuss how to do the design or sizing calculation for piston. Cylinder design will be explained elsewhere. Design calculations for Piston / Bore Diameter Rod Diameter

This senior project discusses the design, construction, and evaluation of a Hydraulic Powered PTO Winch installed on a 1952 Dodge M37 cargo truck. This system replaces the factory mechanical drive system with a complete hydraulic system capable of producing the original line pull. Heavy Duty Hydraulic Cylinders, tie rod style Series 2H/2HD & Series 3H/3HD, and non-tie rod Series 2HB/3HB set the standard for performance, durability and trouble-free operation with superior design and quality to ensure long cylinder service life.

Design and Finite Element Analysis of Double - Acting, Double - Ends Hydraulic Cylinder for Industrial Automation Application ThankGod E. Boye, Adeyemi, I. Olabisi,Eyere E. Emagbetere3 (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun, Nigeria) PDF This paper describes and introduces the design of hydraulic cylinder, which has ensured the safety and reliability of workpiece hydraulic clamping system of a special CNC Machine Tool for Guide Disc.

Hydraulic Cylinder Calculator. A hydraulic cylinder also known as linear hydraulic motor is a mechanical actuator that is used to give an unidirectional force through an unidirectional stroke. It has many applications, notably in construction equipment and manufacturing machinery. This oil creates pressure in the cylinder and as the piston is free to move in the cylinder, the whole pressure acts on the cross sections of the piston. In order to design hydraulic cylinder, we should know the load bearing capacity of the hydraulic cylinder depends upon the two factors. 1. Load bearing capacity of piston rod. 2.

This oil creates pressure in the cylinder and as the piston is free to move in the cylinder, the whole pressure acts on the cross sections of the piston. In order to design hydraulic cylinder, we should know the load bearing capacity of the hydraulic cylinder depends upon the two factors. 1. Load bearing capacity of piston rod. 2. Hydraulic cylinder design guide. Cylinder specifying WPA Beta test version. Learn how to specify a hydraulic cylinder size

axis and cylinder axis are at right angles. When Angle вЂњAвЂќ is greater or less than a right angle, only part of the cylinder force is effective on the lever. The cylinder force is found by multiplying the full cylinder force times the sine (sin) of the least angle between cylinder and вЂ¦ 27-6-2015В В· Get YouTube without the ads. Working... Skip trial 1 month free. Find out why Close. Hydraulic Cylinder Calculations Aaron Schellenberg. Hydraulic Cylinder Calculations Aaron Schellenberg. Loading... Unsubscribe from Aaron вЂ¦

Design of Hydraulic Cylinder - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Hydraulic Calculations Target Hydraulics make a list here for you learn and check when you design your hydraulic system/hydraulic power pack unit or hydraulic components. Target hydraulics assumes no liability for errors in data nor in safe and/or satisfactory operation of equipment designed from this information. --Hydraulic Test Bench.jpg 1.

Sales Industry Sector Metallurgy Formulary Hydraulics. 10.01.2013 6 . Important Characteristic Values of Hydraulic Fluids . HLP HFC HFA (3%) HFD m вЂ”Mechanical efficiency of oil cylinder, which is defined by the products themselves. However, as to the primary calculation, m в‰€в€’0.85 0.99 and on average, it is 0.95. Now we substitute intoвЂњ(2)вЂќ and obtain the flow. 3. Design & calculation for hydraulic cylinder 3.1 Design Calculation to вЂ¦

This oil creates pressure in the cylinder and as the piston is free to move in the cylinder, the whole pressure acts on the cross sections of the piston. In order to design hydraulic cylinder, we should know the load bearing capacity of the hydraulic cylinder depends upon the two factors. 1. Load bearing capacity of piston rod. 2. 14-2-2018В В· In this video tutorials we will learn how to make hydraulic & pneumatic system for your machine or fixture, Design Calculations for Hydraulic & Pneumatic- Cl...

Sales Industry Sector Metallurgy Formulary Hydraulics. 10.01.2013 6 . Important Characteristic Values of Hydraulic Fluids . HLP HFC HFA (3%) HFD Hydraulic Cylinder Calculator. A hydraulic cylinder also known as linear hydraulic motor is a mechanical actuator that is used to give an unidirectional force through an unidirectional stroke. It has many applications, notably in construction equipment and manufacturing machinery.

## DNVGL-CG-0194 Hydraulic cylinders

(DOC) DESIGN CALCULATION hydraulic jack venkatesh waran. Mobile Cylinder Division is recognized as one of the largest independent manufacturers of hydraulic cylinders for mobile equipment and a leading supplier to refuse, mining, truck, material handling and positioning markets., 14-2-2018В В· In this video tutorials we will learn how to make hydraulic & pneumatic system for your machine or fixture, Design Calculations for Hydraulic & Pneumatic- Cl....

### Thick Hydraulic Cylinder Design and Sizing Calculation

Design of Hydraulic Cylinder Piston Cylinder (Engine). Design of Hydraulic Cylinder - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free., DNVGL-CG-0194 Edition December 2015 Hydraulic cylinders. FOREWORD вЂ” information on whether it is a single or double acting cylinder. The corresponding design pressures for calculations are dependent on the fixation of the cylinder to the structure according to Euler theory as.

For the design of hydraulic cylinders, speed and power must be calculated in dependence of the existing pressure in the cylinder space and the volume flow available. For this, the admissible values for the operating pressure in dependence of the pressure series and the admissible oil speed in the hydraulic ports must be taken into account. Hydraulic cylinder design guide. Cylinder specifying WPA Beta test version. Learn how to specify a hydraulic cylinder size

Volume-2. Design and Manufacturing of Hydraulic Cylinders - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. A Book with title "Design and manufacturing of Hydraulic Presses" is written to guide students to design and manufacture Hydraulic Press themself. This book "Volume-2. Design and Manufacturing of Hydraulic Design and Finite Element Analysis of Double - Acting, Double - Ends Hydraulic Cylinder for Industrial Automation Application ThankGod E. Boye, Adeyemi, I. Olabisi,Eyere E. Emagbetere3 (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun, Nigeria)

Hydraulic Calculations Target Hydraulics make a list here for you learn and check when you design your hydraulic system/hydraulic power pack unit or hydraulic components. Target hydraulics assumes no liability for errors in data nor in safe and/or satisfactory operation of equipment designed from this information. --Hydraulic Test Bench.jpg 1. Cylinder Basics Cylinder Loading & Sizing Mounting Modifications / Accessories Custom Product Examples Cylinder Force & Speed (Air and Hydraulic) Rod Boot Data Power Units: Gear and Vane Info Fluids and Seals Non-Rotating Cylinder Design Valves: D03 and D05 Info Fluid Power Formulas Glossary of Fluid Power Terms Tie Rod Mount Flange Mount

DNVGL-CG-0194 Edition July 2017 Hydraulic cylinders. FOREWORD and buckling calculations вЂ” maximum working and design pressure for both pushing and pulling (as applicable) Design pressure of hydraulic cylinder for steering gear/water jet steering shall be equal to 1.25 times of Introduction to the Design of Mobile Hydraulic Systems - Part 1 Course No: M02-044 Credit: 2 PDH K. Michael Clark, P.E. Continuing Education and Development, Inc.

The goal of the study is to design the hydraulic scissors lift to lift up to a height of 1.2 meters and with the carrying capacity of 700 kilograms. The driving mechanism of the lift must be a hydraulic cylinder. Calculations of the inner stresses must be done and a 3D model must be created. It is also necessary to choose the material. Buckling strength of hydraulic cylinders - engineering approach and The complexity of the determination of this pa-rameter appears if the assembly of the hydraulic cylinder is The aim of the presented research is to evaluate some simplified engineering approaches used in the indus-trial design of the hydraulic cylinders and to

14-2-2018В В· In this video tutorials we will learn how to make hydraulic & pneumatic system for your machine or fixture, Design Calculations for Hydraulic & Pneumatic- Cl... Design and Finite Element Analysis of Double - Acting, Double - Ends Hydraulic Cylinder for Industrial Automation Application ThankGod E. Boye, Adeyemi, I. Olabisi,Eyere E. Emagbetere3 (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun, Nigeria)

Design of Hydraulic Cylinder - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Chapter 7: The pneumatic cylinder вЂ“ part 1 Design of a cylinder Most of the cylinders with a piston rod contain the following parts: a tube that is closed on both ends with a cap and head. Inside the tube seen below a piston rod moves with a drive piston.

This oil creates pressure in the cylinder and as the piston is free to move in the cylinder, the whole pressure acts on the cross sections of the piston. In order to design hydraulic cylinder, we should know the load bearing capacity of the hydraulic cylinder depends upon the two factors. 1. Load bearing capacity of piston rod. 2. Known Cylinder If the dimensions of a hydraulic cylinder are known, then numerous volumetric calculations can be carried out such as Full bore area and volumes. If the hydraulic system pressure is also known then the Thrust Force and Pull Force can also be determined.

PDF This paper describes and introduces the design of hydraulic cylinder, which has ensured the safety and reliability of workpiece hydraulic clamping system of a special CNC Machine Tool for Guide Disc. Chapter 7: The pneumatic cylinder вЂ“ part 1 Design of a cylinder Most of the cylinders with a piston rod contain the following parts: a tube that is closed on both ends with a cap and head. Inside the tube seen below a piston rod moves with a drive piston.

### Design of hydraulic scissors lifting platform

Application Engineering Guide. Cylinder Catalogue. www.berendsen.com.au Table of Contents Page No. All of our manufactured cylinders are designed with the aid of computer generated calculations and drawings and are manufactured in our dedicated facility in Newcastle. hydraulic cylinder for the diverse mobile and industrial applications., For the design of hydraulic cylinders, speed and power must be calculated in dependence of the existing pressure in the cylinder space and the volume flow available. For this, the admissible values for the operating pressure in dependence of the pressure series and the admissible oil speed in the hydraulic ports must be taken into account..

### Application Engineering Guide

Known Hydraulic Cylinder Calculator Hydraproduct. Hydraulic Calculations Target Hydraulics make a list here for you learn and check when you design your hydraulic system/hydraulic power pack unit or hydraulic components. Target hydraulics assumes no liability for errors in data nor in safe and/or satisfactory operation of equipment designed from this information. --Hydraulic Test Bench.jpg 1. Design of Hydraulic Cylinder - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free..

DNVGL-CG-0194 Edition December 2015 Hydraulic cylinders. FOREWORD вЂ” information on whether it is a single or double acting cylinder. The corresponding design pressures for calculations are dependent on the fixation of the cylinder to the structure according to Euler theory as Design of Mechanical Hydraulic Jack International organization of Scientific Research 16 P a g e weight to offer a lifting capability ranging from one hundred to several tons. Bottle jacks feature a vertical shaft, which supports a platform (called a bearing pad) that directly bears the weight of the object as it is lifted.

This senior project discusses the design, construction, and evaluation of a Hydraulic Powered PTO Winch installed on a 1952 Dodge M37 cargo truck. This system replaces the factory mechanical drive system with a complete hydraulic system capable of producing the original line pull. Hydraulic power packs AH type are designed to drive and control hydraulic actuators used in mobile and industrial applications. They may be used especially in presses, lifts, cranes, elevators, platforms etc. AH type power packs are available with different assembly вЂ¦

CALCULATION OF CYLINDER FORCES вЂ“ METRIC BASED PRODUCTS General Formula The cylinder output forces are derived from the following formula: Prior to selecting the cylinder bore size, properly size the piston rod for tension (pull) or compression (push) loading. (See the Piston Rod Selection Chart) Procedia Engineering 16 ( 2011 ) 418 422 Available online at www.sciencedirect.com 1877-7058 ' 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd. doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2011.08.1105 International Workshop on Automobile, Power and Energy Engineering The design & calculation for hydraulic cylinder of workpiece hydraulic clamping system of a special CNC machine for

Hydraulic cylinder design guide. Cylinder specifying WPA Beta test version. Learn how to specify a hydraulic cylinder size 6/92 CD70 / CF70 Hydraulic cylinders, tie rod design Bosch Rexroth AG, RE 17016, edition: 2014-03 Position of the line connections By rotating the cylinder head and/or cylinder base, the position of the line connections can be varied during the assembly for most cylinder mounting types. The possibili-ties can be seen in the following table.

Hydraulic Cylinder CNL Single and Double-Acting. Hydraulic cylinders of the type series CNL are desi-gned as a pure bolted construction. Cylinder heads andbaseconsistofSt52вЂ“3. For the cylinder tubes, вЂњseamless precision steel tubesвЂќ,inaccordancewithDIN2391,areusedanda Volume-2. Design and Manufacturing of Hydraulic Cylinders - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. A Book with title "Design and manufacturing of Hydraulic Presses" is written to guide students to design and manufacture Hydraulic Press themself. This book "Volume-2. Design and Manufacturing of Hydraulic

CALCULATION OF CYLINDER FORCES вЂ“ METRIC BASED PRODUCTS General Formula The cylinder output forces are derived from the following formula: Prior to selecting the cylinder bore size, properly size the piston rod for tension (pull) or compression (push) loading. (See the Piston Rod Selection Chart) The goal of the study is to design the hydraulic scissors lift to lift up to a height of 1.2 meters and with the carrying capacity of 700 kilograms. The driving mechanism of the lift must be a hydraulic cylinder. Calculations of the inner stresses must be done and a 3D model must be created. It is also necessary to choose the material.

Mobile Cylinder Division is recognized as one of the largest independent manufacturers of hydraulic cylinders for mobile equipment and a leading supplier to refuse, mining, truck, material handling and positioning markets. axis and cylinder axis are at right angles. When Angle вЂњAвЂќ is greater or less than a right angle, only part of the cylinder force is effective on the lever. The cylinder force is found by multiplying the full cylinder force times the sine (sin) of the least angle between cylinder and вЂ¦

Piston / Bore Diameter Rod Diameter Piston / Bore Diameter Rod Diameter

3- hydraulic cylinder own weight (aprox 100 N) has a negligible influence on load capacity (only 2% reduction of load capacity) 4- misalignment due to guide ring wear ( 5 % due to 1000 cycles) has a higher influence on load capacity (reduction of load capacity about 10 %) 6- In real machines,mechanism layout can modify the hydraulic cylinder load Buckling strength of hydraulic cylinders - engineering approach and The complexity of the determination of this pa-rameter appears if the assembly of the hydraulic cylinder is The aim of the presented research is to evaluate some simplified engineering approaches used in the indus-trial design of the hydraulic cylinders and to

DESIGN OF HYDRAULIC CYLINDER FOR HAND-HELD TOOL Tommi Mikkola Bachelor Thesis and on the design of the hydraulic cylinder. Keywords: hydraulics, hydraulic cylinders, performance calculations an electro-hydraulic and an electromechanical sol- u- Sales Industry Sector Metallurgy Formulary Hydraulics. 10.01.2013 6 . Important Characteristic Values of Hydraulic Fluids . HLP HFC HFA (3%) HFD

Hydraulic Cylinder Calculator. A hydraulic cylinder also known as linear hydraulic motor is a mechanical actuator that is used to give an unidirectional force through an unidirectional stroke. It has many applications, notably in construction equipment and manufacturing machinery. DNVGL-CG-0194 Edition July 2017 Hydraulic cylinders. FOREWORD and buckling calculations вЂ” maximum working and design pressure for both pushing and pulling (as applicable) Design pressure of hydraulic cylinder for steering gear/water jet steering shall be equal to 1.25 times of